Glossary of Terms

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Therapeutic Horsemanship – Equine activities organized and taught by knowledgeable and skilled instructors to people with disabilities or diverse needs. Students progress in equestrian skills while improving:their cognitive, emotional, social and behavioral skills.

 

 

Therapeutic Riding (TR) – Mounted activities including traditional riding disciplines or adaptive riding activities conducted by a PATH Int. certified instructor.Therapeutic Horsemanship – Equine activities organized and taught by knowledgeable and skilled instructors to people with disabilities or diverse needs. Students progress in equestrian skills while improving:their cognitive, emotional, social and behavioral skills.

 

Equine Facilitated Learning (EFL) – Includes equine activities incorporating the experience of equine/human interaction in an environment of learning or self-discovery. EFL promotes personal exploration of feelings and behaviors in an educational format. It is conducted by a PATH Int. certified instructor, an educator or a therapist. Goals may be related to self-improvement, social interaction and/or education.

 

Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy (EFP)  - Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy is experiential psychotherapy that includes equine(s). It may include, but is not limited to, a number of mutually respectful equine activities such as handling, grooming, longeing, riding, driving, and vaulting. EFP is facilitated by a licensed, credentialed mental health professional working with an appropriately credentialed equine professional. EFP may be facilitated by a mental health professional who is dually credentialed as an equine professional. 

 

 

Vocational Rehabilitation – Equine related activities that may include work hardening, work re-entry or vocational exploration. Participants are young adults or adults. May be considered equine assisted therapy if integrated by the therapist as part of a treatment plan.

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hippotherapy Explained (HPOT)
Hippotherapy is a physical, occupational or speech therapy treatment strategy that utilizes equine movement.This strategy is used as part of an integrated treatment program to achieve functional outcomes.(American Hippotherapy Assoc.)
 
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 Equine movement provides multidimensional movement, which is variable, rhythmic and repetitive. The horse provides a dynamic base of support, making it an excellent tool for increasing trunk strength and control, balance, building overall postural strength and endurance, addressing weight bearing, and. motor planning. Equine movement offers well-modulated sensory input to vestibular, proprioceptive, tactile and visual channels.

During gait transitions, the patient must perform subtle adjustments in the trunk to maintain a stable position. When a patient is sitting forward astride the horse, the horse's walking gait imparts movement responses remarkably similar to normal human gait. The effects of equine movement on postural control, sensory systems, and motor planning can be used to facilitate coordination and timing, grading of responses, respiratory control, sensory integration skills and attentional skills. Equine movement can be used to facilitate the neurophysiologic systems that support all of our functional daily living skills. (American Hippotherapy Assoc.)

 

The horse's movement responses in the patient are similar to human movement patterns of the pelvis while walking. The variability of the horse's gait enables the therapist to grade the degree of sensory input to the patient, and then utilize this movement in combination with other treatment strategies to achieve desired results. Patients respond enthusiastically to this enjoyable experience in a natural setting.

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STAR's Therapeutic Riding  "Interactive Vaulting"
 
 
 
 
 

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Equine Facilitated Mental Health Association (EFMHA)

EFMHA is a globally recognized organization that promotes health by bringing people and equines together in mutually beneficial ways.

EFMHA is a section of PATH Int., a membership organization that for over 30 years has fostered safe, professional, and ethical therapeutic equine activities. This is accomplished through education, communication, and standards of practice and research for people with and without disabilities.

EFMHA is an active membership organization serving the needs of its members, mental health, education, and equine professionals.

EFMHA's mission is to advance the field for individuals who partner with equines to promote human growth and development so that our members, clients and equines can succeed and flourish. (PATH International)

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